Smoke Management Cheat Sheet

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Smoke Management

For smoke management purposes, I want to...

-Review my state smoke management plan
-Estimate fuel loads
-Evaluate fuel consumption, smoke emissions, or fire effects
-Obtain current fire weather and smoke dispersion information
-Determine current and forecast fuel moisture conditions
-Determine how far downwind air quality is impacted
-Determine smoke plume trajectory (forward or backward)
-Find air quality monitoring information
-Find other smoke management resources

Review my state smoke management plan

Michigan State Management Plan (draft, updated 04/23/2012)
Minnesota State Management Plan (2016) and the MN Smoke Management Plan Agreement
Wisconsin State Management Plan (updated 2017)

Estimate Fuel Loads

Photo Digital Photo Series provides detailed fuel loading information for natural fuelbeds throughout the United States. This information
Fuel Characteristics Classification System (FCCS) provides a set of pre-defined fuelbeds and allows creation of custom beds from which fuel load and fire behavior is modeled.

Evaluate Fuel Consumption, Smoke Emissions, or Fire Effects

These tools work alone or in combination to evaluate site fuel and vegetation and fuel moisture and winds, producing estimates of fire behavior, fuel consumption, smoke emissions, and other fire effects.

First Order Fire Effects Model (FOFEM) accepts vegetative cover, fuel loading, and fuel moistures to produce modeled fuel consumption, smoke emission, and soil heating.
Canadian Fire Effects Model (CanFIRE) calls for inputs that characterize the site to model outputs that include fuel consumption, smoke emissions, fire behavior, and an ecological summary
Consume uses FCCS fuelbeds to model fuel consumption and smoke emissions by combustion phase.

Obtain Current Fire Weather and Smoke Dispersion Information

NationalWeatherService National Weather Service offers local fire weather products when user provides a specific location, such as forecasted Ventilation Index, Mixing Height and Transport Winds. The left sidebar menu includes upper air soundings under current conditions and smoke tools under air quality.

Determine Current and Forecast Fuel Moisture Conditions

Great LakesFire and Fuels provides historic, current, and forecast fuel moistures using CFFDRS FWI codes.
Canadian Wildand Fire Information - FWI provides maps depicting historic, current and forecasted FWI conditions across Canada.
NFDRS reported fuel moistures for specific locations as well as forecasted estimates using points and national gridded forecasts.

Determine How Far Downwind Air Quality is Impacted

In flat and rolling terrain, the Simple Smoke Screening Tool - a simple graphical tool with a few basic inputs and VSmoke - a more detailed model - depict modeled smoke trajectory and concentration with an input wind.

Determine Smoke Plume Trajectory (forward/backward)

Fire Information and Smoke Trajectories uses the HYSPLIT model and National Weather Service weather forecasts to produce smoke trajectories from fire sites.

Find Air Quality Monitoring Information


Other Smoke Management Resources

Wildland Fire Air Quality Tools can be linked from your incident in WFDSS or accessed directly here. A wide variety of assessment products are available.
Land Atmosphere Near Real Time Data provides imagery fro approximately 40 products from the MODIS, AIRS, MLS and OMI instruments. Worldview interactive viewer does not work with IE.
  Interagency Real Time Smoke Monitoring